Welcome Logo

Animated Bible flipping pages

Current Lecture Button

Home Button

Lecture Button

Library Button

Announcement Button

Who Is MSS  Button

Book Shop Button

Amazon Books Button

Press Button

Expedition Button

Site Index


" I built for the a mysterious house in the land of Zahi (dj - h) like the horizon of heaven which is in the sky, (named ); ' The-House-of-Ramses-Ruler -of-Heliopolis,-L.P.H., -in-PEKANAN as the property of thy name. I fashioned thy great statue resting in the midst of it (named) 'Amon-of-Ramses-Ruler-of-Heliopolis,-L.P.H. ' The Asiatics of Retenu (Rtnw) came to it, bearing their tribute before it, for it was divine." Harris Papyrus Pl. 9. Breasted: Ancient Records of Egypt, Vol. 4. p. 123 #219.

The Harris Papyrus, the most magnificent and complete of the Egyptian papyri, now in the British Museum is 133 ft. long, containing 117 columns. It was written by the son of Ramesses III, on the day of the King's death and details the donations of the Pharaoh during his 35-year rule.

Ramesses III was know as the richest of all the Egyptian Kings (Diodorus Siculus 1:62) and yet he arose from an Egypt that had been devastated for many years before his accession to the throne.

" The land of Egypt was overthrown from without, and every man was (thrown out) of his right; they had no chief mouth (r -hr) for many years formerly until other times. The land of Egypt was in the hands of the chiefs and of rulers of towns; one slew his neighbor, great and small. Other times have come after it, with empty years, Yarsu, a certain Syrian (H -rw) was with them as chief. He set the whole land tributary before him together; he united his companions and plundered their possessions. They made gods like men, and no offerings were presented in the temples." Harris Papyrus Pl. 75. Breasted Ancient Records of Egypt Vol. 4. P. 199 #198.

(We have shown elsewhere that Yarsu (Arsu) the Syrian, Chancellor Bey was in fact the representative of Solomon, looking after the latter's young son as Regent of Egypt on behalf of the Israelite King.)

Thus we see from the Harris Papyrus how Ramesses III starts he rule with Egypt in ruins and in a very short time becomes the richest King of all.

The major first clue can be found also in the Harris papyrus in Plate 5.

" I made for thee a great sacrificial tablet of silver in hammered work, mounted with fine gold, the inlay figures being of Ketem-gold, bearing statues of the king, L.P.H. of gold of hammered work..........." Breasted op. cit. p.117 # 199.

Ketem is a Hebrew word meaning gold.

The question is from where did Ramesses III get the Ketem-gold.

We started this lecture with the description of Ramesses III building a Temple dedicated to the god Amon, outside of Egypt, a unique event, to accept the tribute of the Asiatics. The question has always been where is Djahi Pakaanan and Retenu.

Egyptologists have always recognized that Djahi and Retenu were in Palestine -Syria with Retenu being to the North of Djahi. ( Ancient Egyptian Onomastica: Alan H. Gardiner Vol. 1 p. 145) but often the lines were blurred with there being an upper Retenu, which often overlapped Djahi ( Gardiner op. cit. p. 147).

Discoveries are found in the most peculiar ways. I was in the process of reprinting the five volumes Ancient Records and was going through the proofs very late at night in bed. I came upon that paragraph at the top of this lecture and wondered about Djahi anew. On a hunch, I asked the mother of my children to look in the index of the Times Atlas to see if anything was there beginning with Djahi. After some minutes she informed me that she had found one name and I casually took the coordinates from the index and noted that it was on the page for Israel.

Suddenly it hit like a flash of lightening and the hairs stood up on the back of my neck. Look at any topological map of Israel and you will see that the first village in the Judean Hills after coming out of the desert, on the way to Jerusalem is Djaharya (Djahi - Ra - Iya , the village of Ra in Djahi).

Any Egyptian army that took the direct road to Jerusalem rather than the coast road, would describe the Judean Hills as a new land. The land of Djahi. Perhaps when they took the coast road and came to the new land they called it Retenu. Same country, different accesses!

Confirmation was afforded by the great American explorer of Bible lands, Dr. Edward Robinson who in 1838 actually walked the route from Egypt to Jerusalem. On the road from Beer Sheba to Hebron his description is telling.

"Here we met several wild savage-looking Arabs; and further on, a man on horseback, the first we had seen since leaving Egypt.....Not long after, we came upon herds of neat cattle and donkeys grazing; and at length at a quarter past 11 o'clock, got sight of the village of edh-Dhoheriyeh on the summit of a hill terminating the Wadi, the head of which here opens into a green basin. This and the hills around were covered with flocks and neat cattle in the ancient patriarchal style, with many horses, asses and camels, all in fine order; and affording to us a most pleasing prospect, after having been for thirty days confined to the dreary nakedness of the desert. We reached Djoheriyeh at 11h 35' " (Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea. A journal of travel in the year 1838. E. Robinson and E. Smith. P. 308 )

Robinson had found Djahi Pakaanan without realizing it.

But there was more.

" The village of Dhoheriyeh lies high, and is visible from a great distance in every direction. It is a rude assemblage of stone hovels; many of which are half under ground, and others broken down. A castle or fortress apparently once stood there; the remains of a square tower are still to be seen, now used as dwelling;..." Robinson op.cit. p. 311)

Early map showing route from Egypt to Jerusalem (El Kuds). Note change in topography when arriving at Djaharya

Did he actually see what had once been an Egyptian Temple built by Ramesses III?

Any Questions?

Biblical Mysteries
VHS Video
Available - Click Here


  1. Ancient Records of Egypt - Part Four: James Henry Breasted (ISBN: 1854170287)
    Can be obtained directly from the site via Amazon or from us.


Vision Video Associate

Vision Video Associate

Send your comments or suggestions to Michael S. Sanders
© 1999 - 2009 Michael S. Sanders.  All Rights Reserved.