Welcome Logo

Animated Bible flipping pages

Current Lecture Button

Home Button

Lecture Button

Library Button

Announcement Button

Who Is MSS  Button

Book Shop Button

Amazon Books Button

Press Button

Expedition Button

Site Index

Chicago Sun Times

Garden of Eden said to be in Turkey 

January 12, 2001 


A California-based biblical scholar, who recently found what may be the remains of
Sodom and Gomorrah at the bottom of the Dead Sea, claims to have used satellite
photographs from NASA to locate the Garden of Eden--in eastern Turkey. 

Michael Sanders, director of expeditions for the Mysteries of the Bible Research
Foundation in Irvine, Calif., said careful study of satellite photographs taken by the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration proves the Bible's description of the
Garden of Eden is completely, and literally, accurate. 

The Book of Genesis in the Bible says: "A river went out of Eden to water the
garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads." It goes on to
identify the four rivers as the Pison, the Gihon, the Hiddekel and the Euphrates. 

For years, biblical scholars have debated the exact location and even the existence
of Eden, a garden paradise from which Adam and Eve were expelled for eating the
fruit of the tree of knowledge. 

Eden is variously said to have been located in the Horn of Africa, on the Seychelles
Islands in the Indian Ocean, on the edge of the Sinai Desert and, according to the
revelations of Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church, in western Missouri. 

More recently, many biblical scholars have suggested the Garden of Eden lay at the
head of the Persian Gulf, where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers run into the sea. 

Under that theory, the Tigris would match up with the Bible's Hiddekel River, the
Karun River in Iran would correspond to the Pison and the Gihon River would be
the Wadi al-Batin river system that once drained the central part of the Arabian

Some theorists have gone so far as to suggest the serpent mentioned in the Bible's
creation story may have been an allegory for the sinuous Shat al-Arab waterway at
the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates. 

But Sanders now argues the Garden of Eden can be discovered through a simple
and literal interpretation of the Bible story. 

"It is obvious from the biblical account, when you read about a river rising out of
Eden, that rivers don't rise in the desert," he said. "With the satellite image, it is just
remarkable that there are actually four rivers in this region in Turkey." 

By his reckoning, they are the Murat River, which runs through Samsun on the coast
of the Black Sea, the Tigris, the Euphrates and the north fork of the Euphrates. 

He said his discovery dovetails with other recent biblical studies that suggest many
biblical events, from the Garden of Eden to the Great Flood and the construction of
the Tower of Babel, took place in Turkey, rather than in Mesopotamia, which today
is part of Iraq. 

National Post

Vision Video Associate

Vision Video Associate

Send your comments or suggestions to Michael S. Sanders
© 1999 - 2009 Michael S. Sanders.  All Rights Reserved.